Asthma and Allergies at work
Millions of people suffer from allergies caused by everyday exposures to agents such as dust mites, cat dander, and pollens. Agents encountered by workers can also cause allergic problems such as asthma, nasal and sinus allergies, hives, and even severe anaphylactic reactions. Examples of these work-related agents include animal proteins, enzymes, flour, natural rubber latex, and certain reactive chemicals. Asthma is one of the more serious problems that can be caused by work-related allergy. It can cause recurrent attacks of symptoms such as wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing. In severe cases, these symptoms can be disabling. Fortunately, when potential hazards are recognized, work-related allergies and asthma can often be prevented or their effects minimized. NIOSHTIC-2 Search
NIOSHTIC-2 Search Results on Asthma and Allergies NIOSHTIC-2 is a searchable bibliographic database of occupational safety and health publications, documents, grant reports, and journal articles supported in whole or in part by NIOSH. Research Updates
Workplace Exacerbation of Asthma a Research Priority: NIOSH Leads Research on Workplace Exacerbation of Asthma NIOSH is expanding partnerships and research to address emerging concerns about workplace exacerbation of asthma. This includes six articles in peer-reviewed journals, a textbook chapter, and ongoing discussions with partners about a possible international collaborative study and the development of preventive strategies. Prevention of Occupational Asthma
The Prevention of Occupational Asthma Web site is designed as a resource for individuals interested in occupational asthma (OA) prevention. Includes a searchable database of journal articles describing OA prevention studies; an introductory page with guidance on using the site; and a primer discussing the current and future state of OA prevention research. NIOSH Publications
Preventing Asthma and Death from MDI Exposure During Spray-on Truck Bed Liner and Related Applications DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2006-109 (September 2006) This Alert summarizes four case reports: one death and several incidents of asthma or other respiratory disease following exposure to MDI during spray-on truck bed lining operations.
Injury and Asthma Among Youth Less Than 20 Years of Age on Minority Farm Operations in the United States, 2000 Volume II: Hispanic National Data DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2006-109 (October 2005) This document provides previously unavailable youth demographic, injury and asthma estimates at the national level for youth on Hispanic-operated farms in the U.S. A Hispanic is defined as any person of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin.
Asthma Among Household Youth on Hispanic Farm Operations DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2004-158 (June 2004) Asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood. Household farm youth comprise all youth 0-19 years of age who live on the farm and include working and non-working youth. 16-19 year olds had the highest prevalence rate for having an asthma attack while doing farm work (61 asthmatics per 1,000 youth living on Hispanic farm operations).
Asthma Among Household Youth on Minority Farm Operations DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2004-118 (December 2003) In 2000, approximately 28,600 youth lived on minority farm operations. 10-15 year olds had the highest prevalence rate of asthma. Youth less than 10 years of age had the highest prevalence rate for having an asthma attack while doing farm work.
Injury and Asthma Among Youth Less Than 20 Years of Age on Minority Farm Operations in the United States, 2000; Volume I: Racial Minority National Data DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2005-147 (July 2005) This document provides previously unavailable youth demographic, injury and asthma estimates at the national level for youth on racial minority operated farms in the United States. These data represent the initial step in developing research and prevention programs to reduce the burden of injury and asthma on racial minority farms in the United States.
Preventing Allergic Reactions to Natural Rubber Latex in the Workplace DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 97-135 (June 1997) En Español NIOSH Alert: Workers exposed to latex gloves and other products containing natural rubber latex may develop allergic reactions such as skin rashes; hives; nasal, eye, or sinus symptoms; asthma; and (rarely) shock.
Preventing Asthma and Death from Diisocyanate Exposure DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 96-111 (1996) En Español NIOSH Alert: Workers exposed to diisocyanates may develop serious or fatal respiratory disease.
Preventing Asthma in Animal Handlers DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 97-116 (January 1998) En Español Exposure to animals or animal products in the workplace can cause asthma and allergies. Surveillance
The Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance Report It presents up-to-date summary tables, graphs, and figures of occupationally-related respiratory disease surveillance data on the pneumoconioses, occupational asthma and other airways diseases, and several other respiratory conditions.
Section 9, Asthma
Appendix H, Work-Related Asthma Surveillance Guidelines Surveillance guidelines for State health departments on work-related asthma. Other Related Resources
A Descriptive Study of Work-Aggravated Asthma
Allergy Society of South Africa (ALLSA) Links to allergy news and journals, allergy database, more…
American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) Information for patients and professionals. Includes reports, pollen counts, more…
American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI)
Asthma Management Model System National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) website
ATSDR: Case Studies in Environmental Medicine (CSEM) Environmental Triggers of Asthma One in a series of self-instructional publications designed to increase the primary care providers knowledge of hazardous substances in the environment and to aid in the evaluation of potentially exposed patients.
CDC Topic Page: Asthma and Allergies
CDC Topic Page: Healthy Youth! Health Topics Asthma
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports (MMWRs)
Mold Prevention Strategies and Possible Health Effects in the Aftermath of Hurricanes and Major Floods (June 9, 2006) Forecasted State-Specific Estimates of Self-Reported Asthma Prevalence – United States, 1998 (December 4, 1998) Self-Reported Asthma in Adults and Proxy-Reported Asthma in Children – Washington, 1997-1998 (October 15, 1999) Surveillance for Occupational Asthma – Michigan and New Jersey, 1988-1992. Surveillance for Asthma – United States, 1960-1995 (April 24, 1998) Surveillance of Work-Related Asthma in Selected U.S. States Using Surveillance Guidelines for State Health Departments – California, Massachusetts, Michigan, and New Jersey, 1993-1995 (June 5, 1999) NCEH Air Pollution and Respiratory Health Program
NCEH Asthma Topic Page
National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Topic Page on Allergic Diseases
National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Topic Page on Asthma
Work-related reactive airways dysfunction syndrome cases from surveillance in selected U.S. states. J Occup Environ Med. 2003 Apr;45(4):360-8, NLM